On the Second
Sunday of the Fast, we celebrate the memory of our
Father among the Saints, Gregory Palamas, Archbishop
The situation in St. Gregory's time was that
Orthodoxy was being debased; it was becoming worldly
and being changed into either pantheism or
agnosticism. Pantheism believed and taught that God
in His essence was to be found in all nature, and so
when we look at nature we can acquire knowledge of
believed and taught that it was utterly impossible
for us to know God, just because He is God and man
is limited, and therefore man was completely
incapable of attaining a real knowledge of God.
In the face of this
great danger St. Gregory Palamas developed the
fundamental teaching of the Church concerning the
great mystery of the indivisible distinction between
the essence and energy of God.
All spiritual life
is a result and fruit of the energy of the Holy
Spirit. Therefore, the saint taught, we cannot
participate in God's essence, but we can know and
participate in His uncreated energies.
In this way St.
Gregory preserves the true teaching of the Church.
The common mind of the Church recognizes St. Gregory
Palamas as a great Father of the Church, an
Ecumenical teacher, and includes him among the great
Theologians of the Church