Orthodox Outlet for Dogmatic Enquiries Protestantism, Watchtower and Eschatological Topics


Babylon the Great

Written on  the borders of the Orthodox Christian faith, the present Scriptural study suggests that the city mentioned here, identifies with the city of Jerusalem at the time of the political person of the Antichrist (Thessalonians II, 2:3-12), which will continue to be in apostasy.  The war that will be waged against it will bring on the end of its apostasy.   At a point in time ordained by God, the fleshly Israel will revert to Christ (Romans 11:25-31). 


Babylon in Revelation

Revelation 11: 3,7,8: “And I shall enable My two witnesses to prophesy….and when they fulfil their testimony, the beast that ascends from the abyss (apparently the chiefly political person of Antichrist) shall wage war against them and shall defeat them and kill them. And their corpses shall lay on the square of the big city, which is spiritually referred to as ‘Sodom’ and ‘Egypt’, where their lord was crucified

Revelation 17: 1,2: “And there came one out of the seven angels who had the seven vials, and he spoke to me, saying: “come here so I can show you the judgment of the great whore, who is seated on many waters, with whom the kings of the earth have fornicated and from whose wine of fornication the inhabitants of the earth became drunk

Revelation 18: 1, 2a, 9a, 10b: “After these, I saw another angel descending from the sky having immense power, and the earth was lit up from his glory. And he cried out in a thundering voice, saying: “She has fallen! She has fallen, Babylon the great, and has become the domicile of demons…for all the nations have drunk from the wine of fury of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have fornicated with her… and they shall weep and fret over her, the kings of the earth who had fornicated with her…crying out: ‘Woe, woe, to the great city, Babylon, the mighty city, for in one hour has your judgment come upon you’.”

Revelation 18: 21:  “And a powerful angel lifted up a rock as large as a mill-stone and threw it into the sea, saying: “Thus violently shall Babylon the great city be dashed down…”

Revelation 19: 1, 2: “After these, I heard something like the sound of a great multitude in the heavens, saying: “Halleluiah to the salvation and the glory and the power of our God, for His judgments are true and just; for He has judged the great whore that has corrupted the earth with her fornication, and has avenged the blood of His servants from her hand…”

 Parallels between Babylon and Jerusalem

Outlined below are 19 similarities that we noted in prophecies referring to Jerusalem and Babylon:





“Whore – Mother of whores”  

(Revelation 17:1,5)

“Whore (with daughters whores)  

(Ezekiel 16, Hosiah 1:2, Isaiah 1: 21)


“Seated on many waters”  

(Revelation 17: 1-15)

[In ancient Babylon, the waters of             the place she resides dry up.] (Jeremiah 50:38,  51:13

From Jerusalem is removed “every support" (strength: Septuagint) of water."

(Isaiah 3: 1)


“Fornication with the kings of the earth”

(Revelation 17: 2)

Fornication with foreign nations generally

(Ezekiel 16: 26-29. Hosiah 1: 8-11. 5: 13. 7: 8-11)


Seated atop “seven hills – kings – heads”

 (Revelation 17: 2,10)

The people of Israel wandered in the hills

(Jeremiah 50: 6,7)


With her, the kings of the earth have fornicated, and the inhabitants of the earth become drunk with the wine of her fornication. In her hand, she holds a golden cup filled with the abominations and the filth of her fornication.

(Revelation 17: 2,4. Jeremiah 51: 7)

Jerusalem is embroiled, and is in the lead, in numerous similar abominations.  

(Ezekiel 16: 22-63)


In her was found the blood of saints. She becomes drunk with their blood.   

(Revelation 17:6. 18:24. 19: 2)

Jerusalem is guilty of the blood of the servants of God.

(Matthew. 23: 34-37. Ezekiel 16: 21,38)


She is reciprocated the cup that she offered.

(Revelation 18: 6. 16: 19)

Jerusalem drinks from the cup of God’s wrath.

(Jeremiah 25:15-18. Isaiah 51: 17-19)


She is stripped naked, deserted by her lovers and is burnt down.

(Revelation 17:16. 18: 7,8)

She is desolated by her lovers and is burnt down

(Ezekiel 16: 35-41. Jeremiah.15: 14. Zechariah 14: 2)


Äéáßñåóç óå ôñßá ìÝñç.

(Revelation 16: 19)

Divided into three parts

(Zechariah 13: 8,9 bearing in mind the next chapter, 14).



(Revelation 16: 18)


(Revelation 11:13. Zechariah 14: 4,5. Ezekiel 38: 19,20. Compare this to similarity Íï 18)


Nations from the North come upon her like locust

(Jeremiah 50: 3,9,41. 51: 14)

Nations from the North come upon her like locust

[Joel 2: 1-9 (25)]


Pangs (pain) like those of a woman in labour, due to fear.

(Jeremiah 50: 43)

Pangs of fear

(Jeremiah 30: 5-7)


Flees from Babylon

(Jeremiah 51:6. 50: 8. Isaiah 48: 20. Revelation 18: 4)

Flees from Jerusalem

(Matthew 24: 15-20)


Richly attired

(Revelation 17: 4)

Richly attired

(Ezekiel 16: 10-14)



(Revelation 18: 7,16)


(Ezekiel 16: 13)


“A huge rock as large as a mill-stone that is thrown into the sea”

(Revelation 18: 21. Jeremiah 51: 63,64)

“A rock trampled on by every nation” (Septuagint) "

“A burdensome rock”  (Hebrew text)

(Zechariah 12: 3)


Seduction of all nations

“because through your potions, the nations were deceived”

(Revelation 18: 21. Jeremiah 51: 63,64)

“And I shall take away your potions from your hands, and there shall no longer be any diviners in you.”

[Michaias 5: 11 (Septuagint]

“I shall eliminate the magic filters from your hands and there shall no longer be amongst you any clairvoyants” -  Interpret.rendition by Kolitsaras


The great city

(Revelation 17: 18)

The great city

(Compare with similarity Íï 10)

Revelation. 11: 8 with Isaiah 1: 9,10.

Revelation 11: 13 with 16: 18,19.

(see also Jeremiah 23: 14).


The beast wages war against Babylon

(Revelation 17: 16)

The beast wages war with Jerusalem

(Revelation 19:19. 20: 8,9. Ezekiel.38)

It is possible, that in certain points, it may only be a similarity in the phraseology of the texts.  Anyway, we have submitted the above similarities before our brethren, in anticipation of the Lord’s revelation in due course, of the true pertinence of all prophecies.  



Text: Í. Ì., Agapios Matsagouras, Joseph.

Translation by A. N.

Greek text

Article published in English on: 12-9-2005.

Last update: 15-7-2023.